Atomic to tectonic scale examination of crustal geometry, deformation, and evolution using seismic studies, field mapping, fracture analysis, petrography, and geochemical analysis.
Multidisciplinary investigation of the origin and evolution of life, evolution of the Earth's oceans and atmosphere, and the interactions of physical, chemical, and biological processes in shaping Earth surface evolution
Chemical, thermodynamic, and kinetic characterization of geologic materials in high- and low-temperature systems, using radiogenic and stable isotopes, organic geochemistry, and elemental analysis
Investigation of how physical, chemical, and biological processes influence soil development, groundwater flow, and the fate of microbial and chemical contaminants in modern surface and near-surface environments
Focus on extraterrestrial materials through laboratory studies of meteorites and lunar samples, spectroscopic observations of asteroids and Mars, participation in spacecraft missions, and field studies of terrestrial analogs