Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences


Graduate Courses

401

Quantitative Methods In Geology (3)

Applications of calculus and differential equations to problems in the Earth sciences. Examples of the diffusion equation in hydrogeology: the wave equation in geophysics: mechanical modeling and boundary conditions in structural geology and tectonics. Prereq: 101-102 or 107-108, Mathematics 141-142. 3 lecture hours.

410

Mineral Science (3)

Crystal chemistry of the rock-forming minerals. Interaction of electromagnetic radiation and crystalline solids. Optical properties of minerals, visible and infrared spectroscopy, and x-ray diffraction. Laboratory exercises emphasize thin section and X-ray diffractometer methods of mineralogy. Prereq: 310. 2 lectures, one 2-hour lab.

425

Data Analysis for Geoscientists (3)

Overview of sampling schemes, data analysis, and statistical methods as applicable to earth sciences. Recommended Background: Introductory geology and introductory calculus.

440

Field Geology (5)

Summer field course for advanced undergraduate geology majors and first-year graduate students in geology. Taught off campus and requires the full time of the student. Thec ourse provides a synthesis of the major aspects of the geological sciences in a societal context. Field techniques demonstrated, practiced, and applied to the solution of geologic problems. Prereq: Completion of other major core courses (310, 320, 330, 340, 370) and consent of instructor.

450

Process Geomorphology (3)

Integrative approach to the development of the surface of the Earth based upon case histories, maps, remote sensing imagery. 2 lecture hours and one 2-hour lab. Prereq: 101-102. (Same as Geography 450.)

455

Basic Environmental Geology (3)

Applications of the geological sciences toward a comprehension of the effects of geological processes on humans and the effects of human activities on the Earths environments. Prereq: 101.

460

Principles of Geochemistry (3)

Application of chemical principles to geologic problems. Emphasis on crystal chemistry and relation between basic atomic structure and distribution and behavior of elements in the Earths crust. Prereq: Chemistry 120-130: recommended: Geology 330. 2 lecture hours and one 2-hour lab.

470

Applied Geophysics (3)

Basic principles of geophysical exploration, with emphasis on applications to environmental problems. Includes seismic and electromagnetic methods. Prereq: 6 hours of geology courses numbered above 300, Physics 221-222. 3 lecture hours.

471

Fieldwork In Geophysics (2)

Summer field course for advanced undergraduates or graduate students. Taught off campus and requires the full time of the student for 2 or more weeks. Geophysical investigations applied to the solution of a problem in tectonics, hydrogeology, or the environment. Prereq: 470 or consent of instructor.

475

Physical and Chemical Systems of the Earth (3)

Development of the physical Earth from the solar nebula to the present. Formation, composition and evolution of the hydrosphere, crust, mantle, and core. Interdependence of earthquakes, volcanism, plate tectonics, geomagnetism, chemical and isotopic processes of the interior, and the Earths temperature. Historical perspective on major controversies of the past and on problems unresolved today. Writing emphasis course. Prereq: 16 hours geology courses numbered 300 and above. 2 lectures and 1 discussion period.

480

Principles of Economic Geology (4)

Ore-forming processes, classification of mineral deposits, survey of different types of mineral deposits with examples, and metallogenesis. Prereq: 310 and 330 or equivalents. Recommended: 460. 3 lecture hours and one 2-hour lab.

485

Principles of Hydrogeology (3)

Ground water flow, aquifer analysis, ground water contamination, and ground water management Prereq: General Geology or equivalent or consent of instructor, General Chemistry or equivalent, and Calculus or equivalent. (Same as Civil Engineering 485.)

486

Hydrogeology Laboratory (1)

Application and demonstration of hydrogeological principles in the field and laboratory. Prereq or Coreq: Geology 485, on Environmental Engineering 535, or consent of instructor.

490

Special Problems in Geology (1-3)

Directed study or special topics. Prereq: Consent of instructor. May be repeated. Maximum 6 hours.

500

Thesis (1-15)

P/NP only.

501

Fractal Models in Earth Sciences (3)

An introduction to the theory and methods of fractal analysis as applicable to earth sciences. Topics include deterministic and statistical fractals, selfaffine fractals, multifractals, percolation, renormalization group theory, cellular automata, and methods of estimating fractal parameters (e.g., dimension and lacunarity). Applications to be discussed include: characterization of coastlines, drainage basins, and fracture networks; terrain simulation; modeling porous media and hydraulic properties; rock fragmentation; spatial variability of mineral deposits; and temporal variability of earthquakes and floods. Prereq: 401, or at least two Earth Science related courses, or consent of instructor.

502

Registration for Use of Facilities (3-15)

Required for the student not otherwise registered during any semester when student uses University facilities and/or faculty time before degree is completed. May not be used toward degree requirements. May be repeated. S/NC only.

505

Structure of the Southern and Central Appalachians (2)

Structural development of Southern and Central Appalachians from extensional Late Proterozoic--early Paleozoic rift-drift-platform margin through processes related to compressional events producing accretionary elements that formed Appalachians throughout the Paleozoic. Comparisons to similar orogens. Prereq: Structural Geology.

510

Clay Mineralogy (3)

Origin, chemistry, structures, and properties of clay minerals: application of mineralogical techniques inclay mineral studies. Prereq: 310 and 568 or equivalent. 2 hrs and 1 lab.

530

Petrogenesis of Crystalline Rocks (4)

Origin and properties of igneous and metamorphic rocks, magmatic and subsolidus processes and physical conditions. Laboratory involves petrographic study of crystalline rocks in thin section. Prereq: 410. 3 hrs and 1 lab.

525

Data Analysis for Geoscientists (3)

Overview of sampling schemes, data analysis, and statistical methods as applicable to earth sciences. Recommended Background: Introductory geology and introductory calculus.

535

Groundwater Hydrology(3)

(Same as Environmental Engineering 535.)

539

Geologic Applications of Remote Sensing (3)

An introduction to the use of visible, infrared, microwave/radio, and nuclear remote sensing techniques in the geologic study of the Earth. Topics covered include mineral spectroscopy, light scattering models, instrumentation for remote sensing, calibration and atmospheric removal, multi- and hyperspectral image cube analysis, and ground-truthing techniques. Emphasis on working directly with remote sensing data to solve geologic problems.
Contact Hour Distribution: 2 hours lecture and one 2-hour lab.
Recommended Background: Mineralogy, calculus and physics or consent of instructor.

540

Seminar in Local Geology (1)

Introduction of geology of Southern Appalachians. 1 hr plus field trips.

544

Paleopedology (3)

Field, microscopic, and geochemical analysis of fossil soils (paleosols) and comparison with modern analog soils; interpretation of changes in paleoweathering processes, paleoclimate, and paleoatmospheric chemestry over 4.6 billion years of Earth history based on paleosols. Prereg: 340 or consent of instructor. 3 hrs.

545

Siliciclastic Petrogenesis (4)

Origin and evolution of siliciclastic sediments from a geochemical and petrographic perspective. Emphasis on a quantitative treatment of major elements, trace elements and rare earth elements to extract provenance, weathering, and diagenesis information. Contact Hour Distribution: 2 lectures per week, one 2-hour lab. Recommended Background: Chemistry, mineralogy, petrology, sedimentology, or consent of instructor.

546

Carbonate Sedimentology (4)

Environments of deposition of modern and ancient carbonate sediments and diagenesis of resultant rocks: field and laboratory analysis of sample material and preparation of scientific reports. 3 hrs and 1 lab.

548

Sequence Stratigraphy (3)

Theoretical and practical understanding of stratigraphic sequences generated by eustatic sea level change; identification parasequences, parasequence sets, and critical surfaces using the rock record integrated with subsurface geophysical data. Weekly class exercises and field trips support lecture and discussion. Contact Hour Distribution: 3 lecture/discussion hours per week and 2 weekend field trips. Recommended Background: Sedimentary Geology, Stratigraphy.

550

Regional Geomorphology (3)

Integrative approach to study of natural geomorphological regions stressing links and similarities across boundaries, unique characteristics of major divisions, provinces, sections, and districts. May be repeated with consent of instructor. Maximum 6 hrs. (Same as Geography 550.)

551

Planetary Geomorphology (3)  

The geologic processes operating at the surfaces of planetary bodies including a) the basic morphology created by each processes, b) the physics associated with each process, c) the varied expressions of each process on different planetary bodies, and 4) recent, on-going, or upcoming planetary missions.  Prereq: Geology 450 or equivalent.  3 hrs lecture and 1 field trip.

555

Environmental Geology (3)

Applications of the geological sciences toward a comprehension of the effects of geological processes on humans and effects of human activities on the Earth’s environments. Contact Hour Distribution: 2 hours and one 3-hour lab or field period. Recommended Background: Introductory geology or consent of instructor.

556

Ice-Age Environments and Global Climate Change (3)

(Same as Ecology and Evolutionary Biology 556.)

557

Quaternary Paleoecology (3)

Perturbation, process, and pattern within Ouaternary ecosystems: climatic change and vegetational responses during last 2.5 million years. Prereq: Consent of instructor.

558

Global Climate Change (3)

Examines natural and anthropogenic changes in global climate systems. Topics include: biogeochemical cycles of greenhouse gases and the water cycle, including water resources and pollutants and changes in the biosphere (extinctions) as both cause and effects of physical global changes. Historical (baseline) dynamics are compared to current changes in order to predict human impacts and suggest technical and policy solutions. Recommended Background: Introductory geology or consent of instructor.

559

Introduction to Oceanography (3)

Principles of oceanography, including physical, chemical, geological, and biological processes and patterns. Emphasis on the physical, chemical, and geologic structure of the oceans and their role in oceanic circulation, global climate change, and the biogeochemical evolution of the oceans through geologic time. Cross-listed: (Same as Microbiology 559) Recommended Background: Introductory geology or introductory biology or consent of instructor.

560

Principles of Geochemistry (3)

Survey of fundamental geochemical principles as applied to sedimentary minerals, organic matter, and natural waters, with focus on conditions of weathering, deposition, diagenesis, and hydrothermal alteration in lacustrine and oceanic environments. Topics include activity-concentration relations, mineral solubility and stability, chemical speciation and redox state of natural waters, organic geochemistry, stable isotopes, and the geochemical signatures of depositional and post environments. Course will emphasize geochemical modeling to test hypotheses, explore assumptions, approximations, and equilibria in natural geochemical systems. Contact Hour Distribution: 3 hours lecture and one 2-hour tutorial. Recommended Background: General Chemistry, Mineralogy, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, or consent of instructor.

561

Organic Chemistry (3)

Fundamentals of organic geochemistry; primary production, diagenesis, and preservation of organic matter in the sedimentary rock records; and reconstruction of ancient geologic environments using biomarker compounds. 3 lecture hours. Prereq: Chemistry 120-130 or equivalent or consent of instructor

563

Stable Isotope Geochemistry (3)

Theoretical aspects of isotope fractionation and applications to geologic systems. Isotope exchange, variations in natural waters, diagenetic, hydrothermal and metamorphic systems. Prereq: General Chemistry or equivalent.

565

Chemical Petrology (3)

Application of thermodynamics to geologic materials. Thermodynamics of condensed phases, solutions, thermodynamic stability, heterogeneous multicomponent phase equilibria, and conduction of heat through Earth. Prereq:Chemistry 120-30, Mathematics 141-42. Recommended prereq: Physical Chemistry.

566

Water and Air Pollution (3)

Focuses on the impacts of human activities on the water and atmospheric cycles. Emphasis is on field and lab activities to learn methods of measuring pollution. Topics include: industrial pollution, sewage contamination, heavy metals and some biological impacts. Recommended Background: 1 lab course in Geology and 1 lab course in Chemistry

568

Geochemical Analysis (3)

Collection and treatment of geochemical data using electron microprobe, x-ray fluorescence, and atomic absorption spectrophotometry techniques. Prereq: 310 or consent of instructor. 2 hrs and 1 lab.

570

Advanced Structural Geology (4)

Current topics in structural geology and tectonics of mountain belts: recent literature. Prereq: 370 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. 3 hrs and 1 lab or seminar.

572

Fracture Analysis (3)

Field and subsurface characterization, and mechanical development of natural fractures: role in groundwater flow. Prereq: Structural Geology or equivalent, or consent of instructor. (Same as Civil Engineering 572.)

573

Principles of Near-Surface Geophysics (3)

Basics of several standard near-surface geophysics techniques (for example, seismic reflection, seismic refraction, surface wave and GPR, electrical resistivity, magnetics, and EM), using state-of-the-art field equipment to develop the skills necessary to process and interpret data. Includes a significant field component. Recommended Background: Introductory calculus.

575

Tectonics (4)

Evolution of Earths lithosphere in context of plate tectonics theory. Formation of continents through comparative anatomy of mountain belts, including Appalachians, Alps, Urals, Caledonians, Cordillera, Andes, and Himalayas. Prereq: Structural Geology or consent of instructor. 3 hrs and 1 seminar.

576

Reflection Seismology (3)

Imaging subsurface features using reflected seismic waves. Energy sources, modes of wave propagation, field procedures, computer data processing, and pitfalls. Applications to tectonic and environmental problems. Prereq: 470 or consent of instructor.

580

Planetary Science (3)

Broad survey in planetary science. Emphasis on fundamental physical principles, quantitative problem solving, and canonical derivations in planetary science. Topics include orbital dynamics, heating and energy transport, atmospheric physics and chemistry, planetary surface processes, planetary interiors, origin and evolution of the solar system, and extrasolar planets.
Registration Permission: Consent of instructor.

585

Contaminant Hydrogeology (3)

Physical transport processes, isotopes and groundwater age dating, processes influencing inorganic, organic and microbial contaminants, sampling and monitoring methods, remediation of contaminated groundwater, aquifer protection. Prereq: 485 or 535: 460 or 561: or Environmental Engineering 553 or equivalent: and consent of instructor.

586

Field and Laboratory Methods in Hydrogeology (3)

Research methods. Measurement of hydraulic properties, drilling, sampling and instrumentation, tracer experiments. Formulating hypotheses and research plans. Prereq or coreq: 485orEnvironmentsl Engineering 535: and consent of instructor.

590

Special Problems in Geology (1-3)

Directed study or special topics. Prereq: Consent of instructor. May be repeated. Maximum 10 hrs.

591

Foreign Study (1-15)

See College of Arts and Sciences.

592

0ff-Campus Study (1-15)

See College of Arts and Sciences.

593

Independent Study (1-15)

See College of Arts and Sciences.

595

Selected Topics in Geology (1)

Presentation of research by faculty and visiting scientists. Registration required each semester for resident full-time graduate students, except in summer and when registered for 596. S/NC only.

596

Geology Colloquium (1)

Preparation and oral presentation of scientific material. Grade based on content, preparation, presentation, and instructor critique in departmental seminar. Taken only once during residence for each graduate student.

600

Doctoral Research and Dissertation (3-15)

P/NP only.

620

Seminar in Paleontology (3)

May be repeated with consent of department. Maximum 9 hrs.

630

Seminar in Petrology (3)

May be repeated with consent of department. Maximum 9 hrs.

640

Seminar in Sedimentary Geology (3)

May be repeated with consent of department. Maximum 9 hrs.

650

Seminar in Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology (3)

May be repeated with consent of department. Maximum 9 hrs.

660

Seminar in Geochemistry (3)

Maybe repeated with consentof department. Maximum 9 hrs.

670

Seminar in Structural Geology (3)

Maybe repeated with consent of department. Maximum 9 hrs.

675

Seminar in Geophysics (3)

Advanced treatment of selected topics in geophysics. Prereq: 470 or consent of instructor.

680

Seminar in Planetary Science (3)

May be repeated with consent of department. Maximum 9 hrs.

685

Seminar in Hydrogeology (3)

May be repeated with consent of department. Maximum 9 hrs.

690

Seminar in Earth and Environmental Science (3)

May be repeated with consent of department. Maximum 9 hrs.



 

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